12. CODE OF NATIONALITY
Due to its topography, Lebanon has been a country where persecuted minorities have taken refuge and established themselves since the immemorial times of the Bible.
The Lebanese Population and the Lebanese Identity were built by the aggregation of populations of diverse origins, cultures and religions. They ended up blending in to make the Lebanese Nation.
Diversity, Acceptance and tolerance are at the essence of the Lebanese Culture and Society.
The Lebanese BECAME Lebanese by being born on the Lebanese soil over one or several generations.
All the Lebanese BECAME LEBANESE
This is the DNA OF THE LEBANESE NATION
The only time in its centuries of history when Lebanon failed to fulfill its role and its tradition of refuge and integration was with the Palestinian refugees. There again the political decision to keep the Palestinian refugees in camps and to deny them any rights was motivated by sectarianism and fears of tilting the religious balance of the country. As a result, Lebanon ended up paying the price of a civil war, and until today Lebanon still has 280,000 Palestinian Refugees living in camps and who are still deprived of passports, citizenship, rights or individual economic future.
By keeping Palestinian refugees over 60 years in camps, in lawlessness, supported financially by the international community and with no future, Lebanon has failed its traditions of humanity and integration.
But the Lebanese Politicians have done even worse, they have unilaterally suspended the Lebanese code of Nationality, depriving, for no reason, HALF ITS POPULATION from the right to transmit the Lebanese nationality. In Lebanon, for reasons that are difficult to understand, Lebanese Women cannot pass their nationality to their spouses or their children, while Lebanese men can marry 4 Palestinian women and give them and their children the Lebanese Nationality. What is the rationale?
Moreover, Lebanon has the privilege of having forced more Lebanese to live outside of Lebanon than in Lebanon itself. The Lebanese are themselves eager to acquire the Nationality of the countries they have emigrated to and are probably amongst the largest holders of double Nationalities in the world.
EVERY COUNTRY IN THE WORLD HAS A CODE OF NATIONALITY giving a permanent resident the right to become a citizen after a number of years of residency and under certain conditions and the Lebanese are the most eager to benefit from that chance. Why should foreigners residing in Lebanon not be allowed to? Reciprocity is a key principle of International Law.
THE PARTY OF LEBANON WANTS
1. A LEBANESE CODE OF NATIONALITY BASED ON SECULARISM
a) Giving the right to every resident of Lebanon to acquire the Lebanese Nationality provided:
He or She has lived permanently in Lebanon for 18 years, paid his taxes regularly, has no criminal record and has irrevocably chosen ADMINISTRATIVE SECULARISM.
b) Giving the right to every Lebanese Woman to transmit the Lebanese Nationality to her Children and her foreign spouse regardless of the nationality after Five years of effective residency and life in common in Lebanon, providing they have chosen ADMINISTRATIVE SECULARISM.